Infrastructure & Transportation
San Francisco, now a city of over 850,000 residents, sits at the hub of extensive technological and physical infrastructures. The City is a leader in mass transit and green transportation initiatives and is served by an extensive network of seaports and rail, road and air routes. Private transportation companies like Uber and Lyft have also taken a key interest in serving the citizens of San Francisco with their unique transportation models.
San Francisco International Airport (SFO)
Located 13 miles south of the City in San Mateo County, San Francisco International Airport is an international gateway, with the largest international terminal in North America. SFO connects nonstop with 79 cities in the United States. It is a hub for United Airlines, its largest tenant, and the base of Virgin America’s operations. It handles 53 million passengers per year. There are 124 cities with non-stop flights to SFO.
A 2016 study conducted by SFO on the economic contributions of the airport found that it directly accounted for $7.9 billion in business activity supporting over 39,000 jobs at the airport. Also, off-site business activities that are dependent on local air service together raise the economic contribution to the Bay Area to $34.6 billion in sales as well as 158,000 jobs.
The economic activities that are generated by SFO also return significant tax revenues to the state as well as the nation itself. Numbers have been estimated to be approximately $2.8 billion, consisting of $1.5 billion from direct activities and $1.3 billion from purchases of supplier goods and services.
SFO has won multiple awards every year from 2006-2016, with the sole exception of 2007.
Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART)
The BART train connects the East Bay, San Francisco and parts of the Peninsula with 46 station locations and 5 new locations under construction. It also conveniently connects to SFO, and one of the stations is just a connection-bus ride to the Oakland airport. BART is embarking on a Station Modernization Program that will invest resources and efforts into the existing core stations and surrounding areas to advance transit ridership and enhance the quality of life around the stations.
In order to meet rising demands (approximately one-quarter of all people working in downtown Oakland and San Francisco use BART to get to work), BART is working on improving the capacity for multiple stations in San Francisco. Comprehensive station plans are currently in early development for BART’s two busiest stations – Embarcadero and Montgomery. Several studies have been performed to develop possible solutions to handle the increase in ridership demand. A secondary floor is envisioned to handle greater volume at a higher efficiency, as depicted below.
BART is also a very environmentally friendly system. All of its trains are electric, and two-thirds of the power needed to run them are from hydroelectric and solar sources. The Federal Transit Administration has called BART the cleanest system.
Municipal Railway and Bus System (MUNI)
According to the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency, Muni is one of the oldest public transit agencies and the seventh largest system in the United States. Today, it serves as the transit arm of the SFMTA (San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency), responsible to operating and managing the surface transportation network for the city. Annually its historic streetcars, light rail vehicles, diesel buses, alternative fuel vehicles, electric trolley coaches and famous cable cars carry more than 200 million riders.
Although the MUNI system is the oldest public transport system within the city it is still making large advancements in expansion and improvements. One notable project currently underway involves Capitol Improvements.
The project elements include lane modifications, traffic signal and stop sign changes, transit stop changes, parking and turn restrictions, pedestrian improvements, and many others.
Status of Budget and Financial Plan for MUNI/Caltrain Upgrades and Residential Development
For information on public transportation schedules and costs please refer to the contact information below:
For more information on commute patterns and Bay Area transportation, please visit the Metropolitan Transportation Commission website: mtc.ca.gov.